Job opportunities in Mechatronics

Job opportunities in Mechatronics

Mechatronics is basically a complex combination of mechanics, electronics, and informatics. However, a common feature that is recognized and is also the essence of mechatronics is the “combination of many fields to create new products with outstanding features”. This synergistic connection presents many opportunities and challenges for the development of mechatronics itself.

Along with the development of modern technology and machines, robots are constantly growing in number as well as their capabilities. Robots are getting smarter and smarter, taking over jobs that humans can’t do, such as entering radioactive zones, rescuing people in fires, etc. The future generation will accept robots in jobs in the future. family such as looking after the house, cleaning the house, monitoring health… Each robot has a central processing unit (brain) (today also integrated with artificial intelligence), working mechanisms movements (hands to hold, wheels move…), and sensing parts (sensors) record stimuli to send to the central processing unit. Robots are a product of the MECHANICAL AND MECHANICAL industry.

I. Learn mechatronics industry; What is mechatronics?

Each industry such as mechanics, electronics, and informatics has a solid scientific foundation and creates its own unique products. However, the requirements of the times place higher requirements on how machines work, requiring machines to be more compact, more flexible, more flexible and smarter. Mechanical engineers cannot make machines smarter, while computer engineers can create artificial intelligence but they don’t know about mechanics, electronic engineers can connect and control signal, but they cannot connect between artificial intelligence to control mechanical equipment. It is this requirement that has formed the Mechatronics industry to create new products to meet the requirements set out on the basis of coordinating the existing platforms of the industries together.

With the ability to understand about mechanics, electronics, informatics, and modern technologies… mechatronic engineers put into mechanical products a flexible control system by electronics, and through electronic system, connected with information processing system – artificial intelligence to create a complete product.

II. What is the mechatronics industry?

We have mechanical industries, electronics, automation industry, information technology industry, manufacturing industry of measuring heads, actuators, so is there a mechatronics industry or not? There is an opinion that mechatronics is an integration of existing technologies, so the manufacture of mechatronic products can completely be based on the above existing industries. It is also true because it is true. Currently, the manufacturing and production of mechatronic products is having to rely on the manufacturing plants of the existing industries. However, once the number and types of mechatronic products are more and more on the market. the market will obviously form the mechatronics industry. So what is the mechatronics industry and how does it differ from existing industries?

Mechatronics industry can be understood as “the industry that provides high-quality mechatronic products, skills and services to consumers”.
The mechatronics industry as well as other industries includes the following main functional areas:
+ Operations management system and production support services
+ Array of operating systems for manufacturing and manufacturing mechatronics equipment
+ Product Marketing
+ Training field

In the production line of mechatronics products today usually include electrical systems, pneumatic systems, electronic systems, PLC systems, sensor systems, hydraulic systems, CNC and robotic systems. . In particular, the field of manufacturing mechatronic parts and systems usually includes the design, development of application software, manufacturing of parts, assembly and testing and quality control of products. Unlike other industries, the mechatronics industry requires interdisciplinary design and manufacturing thinking. The high degree of freedom of the design ensures perfect system integration, while the components and detailing are carried out in independent industries. Mechatronic product design is a type of “market-oriented design” that is different from the traditional product design benefits of “designing to meet specifications”, or designing to “lowest cost mechanical engineering”. “. Mechatronic design requires the application of high technologies for superior functions but competitive prices and satisfying benefits for consumers.

Since mechatronic products are products geared towards the individual requirements of consumers, the mechatronics industry must have a high degree of flexibility to ensure time to market. market quickly and promptly with business opportunities arising continuously in the development process of human society.

III. Characteristics suitable for the mechatronics industry and characteristics of industry activities

1. The suitability for the mechatronics industry:

1.1 In terms of medical contraindications, in terms of disability:
This industry needs to use hands to process and install equipment, type programming keys, need to use eyes to see measurement results. So the industry asks:
– Eyes are not too blurry
– Two hands capable of typing on the keyboard, enough force to hold and attach devices together.
1.2 In terms of capacity, aptitude and personal psychological factors: none (no information yet)

2. Operational characteristics mechanical industry labor

2.1 Objects of labor:   automatic production lines, automatic machine systems, technical processes,

2.2 Purpose of work:
– Purpose of manufacturing – manufacturing: creating devices (mechanical operations) with high flexibility, intelligence and handling complex operations.
– Operational purpose: operate production systems in a stable/highly efficient manner.

2.3- Labor tools: hardware programming tools, technical equipment in industrial production systems: PLCs, sensors, pneumatic systems, hydraulics, electronics, electricity – electronics, power – transmission systems force

2.4 Working conditions: depending on the job location and industrial production environment

3. Professional characteristics of mechatronics industry

3.1 Characteristics of the industry:

Mechatronics is a new discipline that has been formed in recent times. Previous technology systems mainly operated on purely mechanical structures combined with simple electronic control circuits, which operated to fulfill some basic operations. The strong development of the manufacturing industry requires a flexible, flexible and intelligent high technology that is smarter than previous technologies, so mechatronics was born.

Many different definitions of Mechatronics have been given by many scientists and technologists with different views and points of view. However, a common feature that is recognized and is also the essence of mechatronics is the “combination of many fields to create new products with outstanding features”. This synergistic connection presents many opportunities and challenges for the development of mechatronics itself. Or it can be understood simply:  mechatronics is basically a complex combination of mechanical, electronic, and informatics disciplines.

a. Mechatronic product features:

– Any mechatronic product has mechanical parts (frame, wheel, motor…), requires an electrical system to transmit and receive information, and pre-programmed operating programs. . Thus, mechatronics is basically a complex combination of mechanics, electronics, and informatics.

–  Mechatronics products are usually end-user products. Right from the very beginning of the concept of “mechatronics”, Japanese experts have oriented this concept as a combined product. mechanical and electronic rather than a high-tech system. This means that mechatronic products are products for end-users such as mass-produced appliances and household appliances, or high-quality products such as cars, airplanes, rockets, etc. spacecraft, medical equipment, replacement artificial body parts, etc… These products are designed and manufactured in the most convenient way, in accordance with individual requirements for people. users and users do not care about the technologies used in it that they buy and use these products because it is better, more economical, more convenient to suit their own requirements. Therefore, mechatronic products must comply with the market rules, which are economic and satisfy user requirements rather than just meeting technical criteria.

– Mechatronics products feature sophisticated, intelligent adaptive technologies and compact mechanical designs.
With today’s micro and nano technologies, mechatronic products can fit sensors, microprocessors, and actuators into any compact spatial location within the product’s mechanical structure. This results in highly intelligent mechatronics products that fit into a perfectly compact structure in terms of size, weight and energy consumption.

Mechatronics students are practicing to build an operation program for the MPS . system

3.2 Professional abilities: (knowledge, skills, techniques):

a. Knowledge:

– Knowledge of mechanical materials, mechanical properties, structure and machine principles for mechanical design

– applied knowledge of electricity and electronics: basic electronics, analog electronics, power electronics, digital circuits…  to design electronic circuit systems that coordinate the activation of mechanical transmission components.

– Knowledge of information technology and control programming (on a computer) or on other supporting devices, knowledge of related control hardware to command the electronic circuit system to control components drive, make an apparatus or a chain operate according to a pre-programmed program (automatic).

b. Skills and techniques:

– Having skills in mechanical processing: turning (turning cylinders), milling (face milling), electric welding

– Skilled in building and designing applied electronic circuits (digital circuits, motor control power circuits…), printing – washing – soldering electronic circuits.

– Skilled in the application of transmission devices: DC motors, AC motors, hydraulics, pneumatics…

– Having programming skills: mainly PLC programming skills of SIEMEN (S7-200, S7-300, S7-400), ASM family microcontroller programming, CNC machining programming, programming program

Skilled in designing mechatronic systems: robotic manipulator, intelligent robot, MPS, PCS automation production line design, flexible production processes…

Industrial welding robot, a product of mechatronics

4. Compare:

The difference of mechatronics compared to other industries: each industry such as mechanics, electronics, and informatics has a solid scientific foundation and creates its own unique products. However, the requirements of the times place higher requirements on how machines work, requiring machines to be more compact, more flexible, more flexible and smarter. Mechanical engineers cannot make machines smarter, while computer engineers can create artificial intelligence but they don’t know about mechanics, electronic engineers can connect and control signal, but they cannot connect between artificial intelligence to control mechanical equipment. It is this requirement that has formed the Mechatronics industry to create new products to meet the requirements set out on the basis of coordinating the existing platforms of the industries together.

With the ability to understand about mechanics, electronics, informatics, and modern technologies… mechatronic engineers put into mechanical products a flexible control system by electronics, and through electronic system, connected with information processing system – artificial intelligence to create a complete product.

IV. Tiềm năng phát triển của ngành cơ điện tử 

1. Economic – political – social significance: mechatronics contributes to the development of modern production systems, improving efficiency and labor productivity, creating competitive advantages for products. domestically produced and manufactured. Mechatronics contributes significantly to the industrialization and modernization of the country.

2. Development of the field in the current period: Mechatronics is identified as a spearhead industry in the science and technology development strategy of Vietnam today and in the future. Therefore, mechatronics is increasingly expanding its scale and influence. And in a short time, mechatronics has obtained many achievements in research and manufacturing of products.

3. Development directions in the coming time: some typical development directions
– The development trend of mechatronics in the world is to integrate more and more high technology, products are getting “smarter” and smaller and smaller in size.
– Micro/nano technology shrinks mechanical devices down to the molecular size of future technological products.
– Enhance “intelligence” for mechatronic products

4. Career opportunities and Labor positions: Because mechatronics is being invested and developed, and the application of mechatronics in the manufacturing industry is very wide, so mechatronics majors have a lot of career opportunities.

Mechatronics engineers must grasp components of other fields such as mechanics, electronics, information technology, high technology… and more importantly, know how to coordinate between components to design Design a complete interactive system. And with those knowledge and skills, mechatronics engineers can undertake the design and construction of mechatronic products with related positions such as: mechanical design, electronic design, design Design central controller, build intelligent operation program…

– Mechatronics engineers have the skills and knowledge to design and build manufacturing processes that create intelligent automated products. For example: smart robots, smart washing machines, smart cars.

– Mechatronic engineers participate in building production algorithms in manufacturing plants, these algorithms are converted into programming commands through languages used such as PLC, microcontroller…

– Identify and install appropriate technical equipment on automated production systems.

In addition to professional work as above, mechatronics engineers can also adapt to work in the fields of mechanics, electronics, information technology, high technology… such as: operating and Organize and manage production activities, build product production processes, operate and operate automatic technology equipment..

V. Recruiting and training mechatronics

Currently, there are more and more schools expanding training in mechatronics, almost all technical schools have a major in mechatronics. However, because mechatronics engineers need to have extensive knowledge of related fields, and require good thinking ability. Therefore, Mechatronics has only implemented training at university level and some high-quality colleges.

In Hai Duong area, you can learn mechatronics at http://hdvtc.edu.vn/nganh-hoc/co-dien-tu

This is a mechatronic model – automation that simulates an automatic technology line. In the subject of mechatronics, automation, construction and automatic operation of the line are an important part of the training program for students.

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